In terms of performance, RFID applications have the advantages of large information capacity, convenient reading and writing, strong anti-interference ability, high intelligence, strong confidentiality, and so on. It has a broad application market in logistics, retail, security, and anti-counterfeiting fields. RFID can not only replace the current widely used barcode equipment. In addition, due to the features of non-contact, non-directional, permanent use, and strong weather resistance, it is also very suitable for use in automation or harsh environments. Apart from the basic identification functions, RFID has many other functions: classification, clustering, statistics, analysis, decision support, tracking, traceability, risk control, anti-counterfeiting, anti-theft, access control, automatic control, and so on. These features make RFID have good application prospects in manufacturing enterprises.
From the perspective of the range of action, RFID applications requirements of discrete manufacturing enterprises can be divided into three aspects: the internal individual demand, the external demand, and the overall demand of the enterprise.
Ⅰ. The internal individual demand
Enterprise internal demand refers to the application demand for RFID in the production and operation of the enterprise. It includes personnel management, material management, equipment and facility management, and so on.
1. Personnel management. It refers to the use of RFID for personnel attendance, post allocation, safety management, on-site tracking, etc., to better serve employees and improve the effectiveness of personnel management.
2. Material management. Materials include raw materials, parts, work-in-progress (semi-finished products), finished products, packaging, spare parts, tooling, and so on, which need to be accurately identified through RFID to identify their location and intact state, so as to facilitate the statistics of the production of each workshop and understand the dynamic inventory of each warehouse and workshop.
3. Equipment and facility management. Equipment and facilities include various production equipment, auxiliary equipment, vehicles, production sites, and other facilities of the enterprise, which are the basic conditions to ensure production.
Ⅱ. External demand
1. Demand for procurement logistics management.
2. Demand for supplier management.
3. Demand for distribution logistics management.
4. Demand for customer management.
5. Demand for customer service.
Ⅲ. The overall demands of the enterprise
1. Mandatory demands.
2. Demand for enterprise innovation.
3. Comparable demands of peer companies.
These demands have promoted the gradual deepening of the application of RFID technology in manufacturing enterprises.